Chemical etching process step-by-step

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Precision Micro  
Category: Chemical etching process insights

In this post, we look at chemical etching step by step. For an in-depth guide to the process, download our free chemical etching whitepaper.

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What is chemical etching?

Chemical etching is a precise manufacturing process that uses chemical solutions to selectively remove material from a substrate, creating intricate patterns or designs. It’s commonly used in industries like electronics, aerospace, and automotive for producing high-precision components.

Chemical etching step by step

1. Material Selection

The process starts with the selection of the required sheet metal, with suitable thicknesses ranging from 0.010 mm to 2.5 mm and sheet sizes up to 600 mm by 1500 mm.

Typical metals include:

2. Pre-clean

Once a metal has been selected, it is chemically cleaned and degreased to remove debris, waxes and rolling oils, all of which could negatively affect the next stage of the process.

3. Lamination

An ultraviolet (UV) light-sensitive photoresist is applied to the sheet. Good adhesion is essential for highly repeatable, blemish-free components.  Any issue with the bonding of the laminate could allow the etchant to come into contact with the protected areas of the metal during etching, compromising the finished parts.

4. Printing

The component design is transferred to the photoresist by exposing the sheet to UV light through a photo tool stencil.

Learn more about phototooling

5. Developing

The unexposed photoresist is removed, exposing the raw material. The remaining photoresist will protect the sheet part during the etching process.

6. Etching

Etchant chemistry, typically ferric chloride, is sprayed onto the developed sheet. The etch-time is determined by skilled technicians taking account of variables such as metal type, grade, thickness and size, all of which affect the end result.

Have a question? Read our 10 chemical etching FAQs

7. Stripping

The remaining photoresist is removed from the sheet, revealing the final etched components.

8. Visual and dimensional inspection

The components are visually and dimensionally inspected using state-of-the-art optical inspection equipment.

9. Finishing

If required, etching can be combined with other processes including:

  • Plating
  • Forming
  • Electropolishing
  • Passivation
  • Heat treatment
  • Brazing and diffusion bonding
  • Wire EDM

Chemical Etching Whitepaper

Learn how chemical etching can overcome the limitations of traditional sheet metal machining technologies.